某市戒毒人员龋病、牙周病流行病学特点的调查与分析
A survey and analysis of the epidemiological characteristics of dental caries and periodontal diseases in drug addicted population in a city
摘要 目的:调查某市戒毒人员中龋病、牙周病的发病情况,并分析其可能的原因.方法:对某市强制戒毒中心的419名戒毒人员进行问卷调查及口腔检查.结果:419名戒毒人员口腔卫生较差,龋、失、补牙数及龋均(DMFT)、牙龈出血检出率均高于普通人群水平;吸毒>3年组的龋、龋失补牙数及社区牙周指数(CPI)显著高于≤3年组(Z=-3.15, P=0.002;Z=-3.679, P=0;Z=-4.469, P=0);刷牙次数≥2次/d吸毒人群的龋、 DMFT显著低于<2次/d者(Z=-4.711, P=0;Z=-4.234,P=0).结论:吸毒人员的口腔卫生状况堪忧,吸毒时间长短和忽视口腔卫生是吸毒人员龋病、牙周病高发的主要危险因素.
Abstract:
AIM: To investigate the prevalence of dental caries and periodontal diseases in compulsory drug addiction rehabilitation personnels in a city, and to investigate the possible risk factors.METHODS: 419 subjects in a compulsory drug addiction rehabilitation center were enrolled in the study.Oral health examination and questionnaire survey were performed.RESULTS: ① Drug addicts usually took no account of oral health maintenance.② The mean scores of decayed teeth (DT), missing teeth (MT), filled teeth (FT), decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT), and the prevalence of gingival bleeding in the former drug addicted population were all higher than those in general population.③ The scores of DT, DMFT and CPI in the subjects with 3 years or longer drug abusing history were higher than in those with less than 3 years drug abusing experience (Z=-3.15,P=0.002;Z=-3.679,P=0;Z=-4.469,P=0).④ The scores of DT and DMFT in the subjects who brushed their teeth more than 2 times per day were lower than in those who brushed their teeth less than 2 times (Z=-4.711,P=0;Z=-4.234,P=0).CONCLUSION: The oral health status of drug addicts is grim.The duration of drug abuse and the poor oral hygiene are the major risk factors for dental caries and periodontal diseases in drug addicted population.
作者: 郭涛 马兆峰 苗辉
Author: GUO Tao MA Zhao-feng MIAO Hui
作者单位: 新疆医科大学第五附属医院口腔科,新疆 乌鲁木齐,830011 北京市顺义医院口腔科,北京,101300 军事口腔医学国家重点实验室, 口腔疾病国家临床医学研究中心, 陕西省口腔生物 工程技术研究中心, 第四军医大学口腔医院牙周病科, 陕西 西安 710032
年,卷(期): 2017, 27(6)
分类号: R780.1
在线出版日期: 2017年7月17日