离子液体在原子转移自由基聚合中的应用进展
Application progress of ionic liquid in the atom transfer radical polymerization
摘要 综述了离子液体作为溶剂、单体、引发剂或配体参与原子转移自由基聚合。离子液体具有独特的物理化学性能,可作为溶剂或配体直接参与聚合反应,也可以通过化学修饰合成离子液体型聚合单体或引发剂,利用ATRP技术制备出含有聚合离子液体链段或端基的功能性高分子材料。这种材料可应用于太阳能电池、聚合物电池、光敏元件、吸附剂或传感元件等多个领域,成为高分子材料研究领域的一个重要课题。
Abstract:
Ionic liquid as solvent,monomer,initiator or ligand involved in atom transfer radical polymeriza-tion were reviewed,ionic liquid has unique physical and chemical properties. Especially,the functional polymers,with ionic-liquid chains or end-groups,were prepared by ATRP with ionic liquid monomers or initiators synthesized by chemical modification of some ionic liquid molecules. These functional polymers have been an intensive field of research in materials science recently,because of their potential applica-tions in fields as solar battery,polymer battery,photosensitive devices,adsorbent or sensing elements.
Author: CAO Yong YE Ni-ya LI Jing-yuan LI Wei-xue LIU Li-hui LI Hai-ying LEI Liang-cai
作者单位: 辽宁石油化工大学 化学与材料科学学院 高分子材料与工程系,辽宁 抚顺,113001
刊 名 应用化工 ISTIC
年,卷(期): 2015, (2)
分类号: TQ050.4+25 TQ316.32+2
在线出版日期: 2015年3月25日
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金