旅游社会-生态系统及其恢复力研究
Tourism social-ecological systems and resilience research
摘要 人地关系和谐是区域旅游可持续发展的根本保障,合理、准确的耦合旅游社会-生态系统、探讨其内部运行规律将有利于人类加深认识变化中的旅游活动同环境的相互作用关系。文中在国内外相关研究的基础上,提出了基于旅游活动的社会-生态系统的概念及研究框架,探讨受外界及自身干扰下的旅游社会-生态系统的特征及动态运行机制。在此基础上,进一步提出并重点讨论了旅游社会-生态系统中恢复力的概念、内涵及评价指标体系,简要分析了未来旅游社会-生态系统的恢复力测度的方法及趋向。最终目的是建立适应性管理机制,增强各利益相关者学习能力,为应对旅游发展与生态环境间日益严峻的矛盾、促进区域旅游的可持续研究提供一个新的视角。
Abstract:
Good relations between human beings and the environment will be conducive to regional tourism development.It is conducive to better understand the changing international relationship between tourism and environment that we could reasonably and accurately couple tourism social-ecological systems and find their internal operating rules.The research of regional tourism needs a integrated perspective with ecological,economic and social dimension.Based on the summary of domestic and international social-ecological systems and resilience relevant theoretical research,we build a new concept and framework of social-ecological systems,and attempt to use an overall integrated perspective to analysis characteristic and dynamic mechanism of tourism social-ecological systems with external disturbance and perturbation.More over,this article presents and discusses emphatically resilience's concept,connotation and the evaluation index systems,and briefly analyzes the measurement method and recent advance of resilience.The aim is to build adaptive management mechanism and sufficiently cope with the contracdition between tourism development and ecological environment,and promotes the capicity of regional tourism sustainable development.
作者: 陈娅玲 杨新军
作者单位: 西北大学城市与环境学院,西安710127/西藏民族学院管理学院,咸阳712082 西北大学城市与环境学院,西安,710127
刊 名 干旱区资源与环境 PKUCSSCI
年,卷(期): 2011, 25(11)
分类号: F590-05
机标分类号: F59 R28