Greenway network based ecological experience tourism space construction in rural areas: A case study of Kuandian Manchu Autonomous County
Rural tourism space constructed by greenway networks is an important carrier for the development of rural tourism. A more efficient spatial pattern of network can effectively promote the ecological, comprehensive and experiential development of rural tourism. This paper examined the construction of ecological experience tourism space in Kuandian Manchu Autonomous County, a National Rural Tourism Demonstration County. Methods of Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), suitability and accessibility analysis conducted in GIS and multi-scale greenway planning were used to establish the greenway networks for rural tourism development. The greenway networks multi-element forms a rural ecological experience tourism space. The results suggested that the regional landscape resources, roads, water system, slope angles and green patches have important influence on the greenway routes selection. The landscape resource is the most important factor (weight 0.431). Suitable land for greenway construction is the open space along riverside or original road line, which is closely combined with the mountain terrain texture. The greenway network is composed of "one axis, two bands and multi-lines". They make a global distribution of tourism lines and facilities, by providing touring routes include specific features, such as mountain landscape routes, Yalu River landscape routes, diversified rural landscape routes, and setting up 3 level service sites connected with spacial nodes. Critical considerations for the construction of urban and rural ecological greenway network include: the design should be based on local conditions to expand ecological experience space; plan multi-level green roads to strengthen urban and rural transport links; integrate urban and rural space to promote the co-construction of facilities; integrate rural feature landscape resources to increase the depth of tourism experience; connect point-line series to promote multi-industry association and multi-subject participation.